E3 Declaration on Iran at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting starting on 15 June 2020, Vienna


E3 Declaration under item 6(e) NPT Safeguards Agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran

Thank you, Madam Chair.

  1. I have the honor of speaking on behalf of France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
  2. We would like to thank the Director General for his report contained in document GOV/2020/30 on the NPT Safeguards Agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  3. We commend the Director General and the Secretariat for their continued professional, technical and impartial work in verifying Iran's safeguards obligations.
  4. We have full confidence in the quality of the Agency's work and the robustness of the procedures it uses to corroborate safeguards-relevant information, as previously acknowledged by the Board. The Agency has consistently provided details of the information on which it has relied in requesting access from Iran. We have noted that this information comes from a variety of sources, including open sources and information provided by Iran in the past.
  5. We commend the Director General and the Secretariat for their continued and intense effort over almost a year to engage Iran in a substantial dialogue on possible undeclared nuclear material and nuclear-related activities, and to accommodate Iran’s stated concerns as described in the report contained in document GOV/2020/30.
  6. We note with grave concern the DG’s conclusion that despite the IAEA’s continuous efforts, Iran has denied access to the Agency for over four months, and for almost a year has not engaged in substantive discussions to provide the Agency with the necessary clarifications related to possible undeclared nuclear material and nuclear-related activities. We are deeply concerned by the IAEA’s assessment that this is adversely affecting the ability of the Agency to clarify and resolve their outstanding questions. This means the Agency is not able to provide credible assurance of the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities at these locations in Iran
  7. We have repeatedly called on Iran to grant such access promptly upon notification by the Agency and we are deeply disappointed that Iran has chosen not to do so despite the clear calls from this board.
  8. We welcome the fact that Iran has hosted a large number of inspections at its nuclear sites and facilities over the past year. However, these inspections do not exempt Iran from granting the two accesses it has denied. Iran is legally obliged to provide these accesses
  9. In order for the Agency to effectively provide credible assurance of the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities, a State cannot set conditions under which the IAEA may or may not access their facilities. States are equal before the Agency's requests for access according to their legal obligations. We therefore call on Iran to fully cooperate with the Agency: this includes fully answering the IAEA’s questions and providing all necessary accesses without further delay.
  10. Iran’s denial of access – despite the very clear message from this Board in its last meeting – represents a challenge to the global safeguards system. Actions by a State that deny the Agency rightful access for over four months, and insufficient engagement for almost a year, require a response by this Board.
  11. It is in this difficult context that we have decided to submit a resolution to this Board. The  purpose of our draft resolution, given the seriousness of the reported facts, is to call on Iran to do what is right, to fully cooperate in a timely and complete manner with the Agency and to grant access to sites when so notified by the Agency. We are not looking to escalate the issue at hand nor to refer the matter to the UN Security Council. Our text is moderate and balanced: we hope it is a message Iran will hear and respond to.
  12. The Board must stand united in its commitment to preserving the integrity of the international global safeguards system. We hope  this resolution will command the broadest possible support from this Boards membership. We all have a duty to stand united behind the IAEA and and work together to avert damage or detriment to global global safeguards regime.
  13. We welcome that the Director General will continue to report to the Board of Governors  on this matter as appropriate.
  14. We request that the Director General’s special reports on the „NPT safeguards agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran“, issued in March and June 2020, be made public. We also request that the draft resolution, if adopted, be made public.

Thank you, Madam Chair.

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